Maharashtra and Karnataka are locking horns over the status of the Belagavi, the border district on where it should belong.
Belagavi, previously called Belgaum, has a significant Marathi-speaking population and was originally a part of the Bombay Presidency at the time of independence.
In 1956, it became a part of Mysore State, which was later renamed Karnataka when states were reorganised along linguistic lines by the States Reorganisation Act.
Since then, the two states have been fighting over Belagavi, which has escalated to unprecedented levels.
This, however, is not an isolated case; other states can’t agree on their border with their neighbours.
One of the most talked about interstate border disputes between two states recently is between Assam and Meghalaya.
On November 22, six people from Meghalaya were shot dead by the Assam police near the disputed interstate border.
The two states have a longstanding dispute in 12 areas along the 884.9-km-long interstate border.
These are in the areas of Upper Tarabari, Gazang reserve forest, Hahim, Langpih, Borduar, Boklapara, Nongwah, Matamur, Khanapara-Pilangkata, Deshdemoreah Block I and Block II, Khanduli and Retacherra.
Meghalaya was carved out of Assam under the Assam Reorganisation Act 1971, a law it challenged, leading to disputes.
A major point of contention between Assam and Meghalaya is the district of Langpih in West Garo Hills bordering the Kamrup district of Assam. Langpih was part of the Kamrup district during the British colonial period, but post-Independence, it became part of the Garo Hills and Meghalaya.
Assam considers it to be part of the Mikir Hills in Assam. Meghalaya has questioned Blocks I and II of the Mikir Hills -now Karbi Anglong region – being part of Assam. Meghalaya says these were parts of erstwhile United Khasi and Jaintia Hills districts.
Assam and Mizoram share a 164.6 km inter-state border, but for many years the two sides have disagreed on which areas belong to whom.
Mizoram, then known as Lushai Hills, was a district of Assam until it was granted statehood in 1987 by the State of Mizoram Act of 1986.
The trouble between the states is due to conflicting interpretations of their territorial position. While Mizoram says the boundary line is the one laid down in the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation Act of 1875, Assam backs the 1933 demarcation.
Assam Shares a length of 804.10 km inter-state boundary with Arunachal Pradesh. Arunachal Pradesh was carved out of Assam and the two disagree about the status of 123 villages.
Arunachal alleges that some of the villages currently part of Assam were initially inhabited by their people. Both sides have also been accusing each other of illegal encroachment.
Assam and Nagaland have a long-running state border dispute dating back to 1963. The Nagaland State Act of 1962 defined the state’s borders according to a 1925 notification when Naga Hills and Tuensang Area (NHTA) were integrated into a new administrative unit.
Nagaland, however, has demanded that the new state should also have all Naga-dominated areas in North Cachar and Nagaon districts.
When the state of Kerala was formed in 1956, Thovala, Agastheeswaram, Kalkulam, and Vilavancode, part of Travancore, became part of Tamil Nadu as Kanyakumari district.
Peerumedu and Devikulam taluks (now part of Idukki district) which had a significant Tamil-speaking population, became a part of Kerala. This has, however, not been accepted by some Tamil Groups that still insist that the entire Idukki district should become a part of Tamil Nadu.
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